If you’re new to cryptocurrencies, two terms you’re likely to come across are “crypto swap” and “crypto exchange.”
Some people interchange them for each other, but they are completely different in use and purpose.
In this article, we will discuss the differences between a crypto swap and a crypto exchange to help you understand which one to use based on your needs.
What is a crypto swap?
A crypto swap, also known as a token swap or coinswap, is a feature that allows you to exchange two cryptocurrencies without the involvement of third parties or intermediaries. For example, if you own Bitcoin (BTC) but want to acquire KASTA, you can do a crypto swap to instantly convert your BTC to KASTA.
Platforms that enable these types of transactions have become increasingly popular due to their ease of use and fast transaction times. This process provides crypto holders with an easy way to diversify their portfolios or access new digital assets.
What is a crypto exchange?
A crypto exchange is a digital marketplace where users can buy, sell or trade various cryptocurrencies. These platforms work similarly to exchanges, with prices determined by the dynamics of supply and demand.
Crypto exchanges serve as critical infrastructure in the digital asset ecosystem by providing a venue for liquidity and price discovery. It is important for users to make sure they are using a reputable exchange as these platforms require you to deposit your assets for trading purposes.
Some exchanges offer advanced features such as margin trading, futures and other options.
2 main types of crypto exchanges
1. Centralized Exchanges (CEX)
A CEX involves a third party to manage and assist transactions. They help you buy and sell cryptocurrencies based on current market prices, using both fiat currencies and other cryptocurrencies. Once you have deposited your funds, the exchange will hold them as you track price movements.
Cryptocurrencies are typically offered in crypto-to-crypto links, but some platforms also offer fiat-to-crypto links. Using an order book system, these exchanges display orders based on the target buy or sell price, matching them based on the most feasible price. CEXs determine which assets can be traded, and the price of an asset depends on supply and demand.
2. Decentralized Exchanges (DEX)
A DEX, on the other hand, does not need an intermediary. They enable instant peer-to-peer transactions from your wallet. DEXs use smart contracts to execute transactions.
What are the differences between a crypto swap and a crypto exchange?
To further clarify, let’s break down some of the key differences between the two concepts:
1. transaction model
In a crypto swap, one type of cryptocurrency is exchanged directly between two parties for the other, usually facilitated by smart contracts on a platform. On the other hand, a crypto exchange operates as a marketplace where users buy or sell various cryptocurrencies, often to or from the exchange platform itself or other users.
2. Prices and surcharges
In a crypto swap, you can easily convert one cryptocurrency into an equivalent value of another, and the cost is usually predetermined by the platform. For example, in Ka.app, a crypto payment platform, the fee can be a certain percentage of the value of the tokens being exchanged. Discounted swap rates apply if you have locked KASTA tokens in the app.
Meanwhile, prices in a crypto exchange are dynamic and influenced by market forces of supply and demand. If you trade, you may also be required to pay certain fees or commissions imposed by the platform on both ends of the trade.
3. Range of assets
Crypto swaps usually involve a direct exchange of two specific cryptocurrencies. Crypto exchanges, on the other hand, offer a wide variety of cryptocurrencies that users can buy, sell or trade.
4. Intermediate involvement
A crypto swap usually works without intermediaries as they happen directly between user wallets and are facilitated by automated smart contracts. Meanwhile, crypto exchanges, especially centralized ones, act as intermediaries that manage the transactions and provide liquidity.
It comes down to
Both crypto swaps and crypto exchanges play key roles in the crypto realm, but they have different characteristics and uses.
Crypto swaps provide a simple, hassle-free mechanism to trade one crypto for another, usually within a single platform or ecosystem. They offer simplicity and the convenience of not having to deal with trading pairs or order books. On the other hand, crypto exchanges provide a more complex, robust platform where users can trade a wide variety of digital assets, sometimes with fiat currency pairs.
CEXs offer a wide range of tools for traders, including advanced order types and sometimes even leverage. Meanwhile, DEXs offer peer-to-peer transactions directly from users’ wallets.
The choice between using a crypto swap or a crypto exchange depends on your needs, knowledge and comfort in terms of complexity and control. Both have their own merits, and it’s essential to understand how each works in order to use them effectively in managing your funds and portfolio.
This content is part of the HWM partnership.