What is anonymity vs pseudonymity

A substantial downturn has hit the NFT sector, driving down sales and price.


  • The NFT market has experienced a significant downturn, marked by a decline in sales and prices.
  • Factors contributing to the decline include speculative investing, scams and fraud, market oversaturation and regulatory oversight.
  • Despite the downturn, there are recent signs of a resurgence, with increased trading volume and the emergence of new marketplaces.
  • The future of NFTs remains promising, with potential applications in digital identity verification, supply chain management, DeFi, virtual real estate, intellectual property rights, gaming, and the music and entertainment industry.
  • NFTs are not dead, but rather evolving, and their long-term trajectory is still uncertain. Investors should exercise caution and do their due diligence.

NFTs at a crossroads

The meteoric rise of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) can be traced back to their introduction in 2014. They have captured the imagination of artists, collectors and investors ever since.

Still, this newfound excitement around NFTs has not come without its fair share of controversies.

In recent months, the NFT industry has experienced a significant downturn, marked by a decline in sales and item prices. What was once a thriving market, with eye-watering sums being spent on popular NFT collectible projects, seems to have lost momentum.

Brands that have hastily jumped on the NFT bandwagon are now rethinking their short-term goals. As crypto market sentiment remains bearish, the NFT landscape appears to be at a crossroads.

In this article, we take a closer look at the current state of NFTs and analyze the factors that contributed to the downturn in the market. We will examine the arguments for and against NFTs, exploring the potential growth opportunities and the challenges ahead. In the end, we’ll try to answer the burning question: are NFTs dead or are they just enduring a temporary setback?

The hype and the first success

The concept of NFTs gained traction to bring scarcity and value to the digital world.

The NFT market experienced a wave of high-profile sales that attracted global attention in the second half of 2021. In particular, Beeple’s digital artwork entitled “Everydays: The First 5000 Days” sold for a whopping $69 million, bringing NFTs mainstream. This unprecedented sale highlighted the potential for digital art to gain significant value in the marketplace.

Another notable example is Pak’s “The Fungible Collection”, featuring the iconic “Clock” piece, which sold for $52 million. These high-profile sales cemented NFTs’ position as a lucrative investment opportunity.

Further, the Role of Celebrities and Influencers in Promoting NFTs Celebrities and Influencers played a vital role in driving the initial hype and popularity of NFTs. Prominent figures such as Eminem and Jimmy Fallon openly supported NFT projects such as Bored Ape Yacht Club (BAYC), drawing widespread attention.

During the same period, the emergence of NFT marketplaces, such as OpenSea and Rarible, facilitated the buying and selling of NFTs, fueling the interest and participation of seasoned collectors and newcomers alike. The NFT space received so much attention that NFT volume on OpenSea exceeded $184 million per day, with over 43,000 active users.

OpenSea stats over a year (source)

During the peak of the NFT frenzy, with record sales and celebrity endorsements, NFTs were on an unstoppable trajectory. Nevertheless, as we explore the following sections, we will discover challenges and controversies that have emerged and raised questions about the long-term sustainability of NFTs.

The rise and fall of NFTs: understanding the reasons behind the decline

Eventually, the euphoria subsided, leading to a significant decline in the NFT market.

Ethereum NFT mints fell from 373,000 on July 10, 2022 to 3,59,000 on July 1, 2023. (Source)

In addition to the broader market dynamics, there were unique challenges and issues that played a role in the fall of NFTs:

1. The role of speculators and inflated prices: Some argue that the skyrocketing valuations of certain NFTs were fueled by speculative investors rather than genuine appreciation for the underlying art or digital asset. Furthermore, the volatility and uncertainty surrounding NFT prices have contributed to instability and risk within the market.

2. Increase in scams and fraud in the NFT market: With the exponential growth of the NFT sector, numerous smaller projects have sprung up, some of which turned out to be scams. Investors and collectors have fallen victim to back pulls, with makers abruptly ceasing scams, leaving participants with worthless or non-existent NFTs. These incidents have fueled a sense of mistrust within the community, leading to wider skepticism about the legitimacy and reliability of NFT projects.

3. Market correction factors, including oversaturation Saturation played a critical role in the market correction of NFTs. During the height of the NFT hype, numerous projects sprang up and flooded the market with a plethora of digital assets. This saturation made it challenging for investors and collectors to distinguish between high quality NFTs and less valuable ones.

4. Regulatory Oversight of NFT Platforms and Transactions: Governments around the world are struggling to regulate these digital assets, and new laws and regulations could affect NFT platforms and transactions. The prospect of more regulation has created a sense of caution among investors, further contributing to the market correction.

As a result of all these factors, the NFT market experienced a significant downturn, characterized by a decline in both sales and prices. To get an idea, in January 2022, Justin Bieber bought this Bored Ape NFT for $1.31 million. Currently it is worth less than $59k.

The total trading volume of the NFT market fell from $10.7 billion in Q4 2022 to $4.7 billion in Q1 2023, representing a staggering 53% decline, according to a DappRadar report.

Are NFTs dead

By examining the current state of the NFT market and comparing it to historical performance, we can determine whether NFTs are dead or still thriving.

After experiencing a decline in trading volume for several months, January saw a remarkable turnaround, with an increase of 38.5% compared to the previous month. This trend continued in February, with trading volume reaching a whopping $2 billion, up 111% from the previous month. This spike in trading volume was largely driven by the emergence of Blur, a new marketplace that was rapidly gaining momentum within the NFT ecosystem, and the rise of BRC-20 NFTs.

Interestingly, despite a drop in sales from 9.2 million in January to 6.3 million in February, the average selling price of NFTs increased to accommodate the significant increase in trading volume.

Despite high transaction costs and scalability challenges, Ethereum accounted for $1.8 billion in trading volume in February, demonstrating its continued dominance. On the other hand, Solana accounted for $75 million in trading volume during the same period, indicating its growing popularity as a viable NFT chain. The number of NFT mints on Solana has also remained relatively stable.


Despite the impressive peak in February, it falls short of the record month of January 2022, when over $5.5 billion worth of NFTs were traded on major markets. Nevertheless, the recent resurgence in trading volume and the presence of new marketplaces show that there is still life and growth potential in the NFT market.

Future of NFTs

As the NFT market goes through a correction and moves away from the initial speculative hype, the future of NFTs remains promising. Further, developments in blockchain technology, such as Ethereum’s Layer 2 solutions, improve NFT accessibility by reducing environmental impact and transaction costs.

Looking ahead, the unique utility of NFTs to establish ownership and authenticity in the digital world offers numerous innovative applications across industries. Here are some possible applications:

Digital Identity Verification: NFTs can be used to represent digital identities, improving the security and reliability of online interactions. This technology has the potential to prevent fraud and secure digital transactions.

Supply chain management: Attaching NFTs to goods allows consumers to verify their authenticity and trace their origin and journey through the supply chain, promoting transparency and trust.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi): NFTs can be used as collateral for loans or to represent equity in investments, expanding the capabilities of DeFi.

Virtual Real Estate and Metaverse: As the metaverse concept develops, NFTs will increasingly be used to own and trade virtual land, buildings and other assets in virtual worlds such as Decentraland and Cryptovoxels.

Intellectual property rights: NFTs can change the way intellectual property is bought, sold and managed by representing ownership of patents, trademarks and copyrights.

Gaming: NFTs allow players to own and trade in-game assets independently of game developers to monetize their virtual skills.

Music and Entertainment Industry: Artists and creators can leverage NFTs to sell music tracks, videos or exclusive experiences directly to fans, enabling greater control and direct interaction with their audiences.

NFTs: not dead, but evolving

The potential for NFTs to become more popular in the future is significant. Factors such as infrastructure development, the scarcity of NFTs, diversification opportunities, growing adoption across industries, and increasing adoption by mainstream artists and brands all add to the potential for the NFT market to recover and thrive.

The recent spike in trading volume and continued interest in NFTs shows that there is still value and potential in this digital asset class. However, it is important to note that the market is still evolving and its future trajectory remains uncertain. Investors should exercise caution, research thoroughly and understand the dynamics of the NFT market before entering into any trades.

In conclusion, while NFTs have been in decline, they are not dead. It will be interesting to see how the NFT landscape evolves and how this unique asset class continues to shape the digital economy.

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